Thursday, February 2, 2012

Respirable Particles

Respirable Particles
Sources of Respirable Particles
Fireplaces, wood stoves, and kerosene heaters.  See also stoves, heaters, fireplaces, and chimneys, and Environmental tobacco smoke.
Health Effects
Eye, nose, and throat irritation; respiratory infections and bronchitis; lung cancer.
Particle levels in homes without smoking or other strong particle sources are the same as, or lower than, outdoor levels.
Steps to Reduce Exposure to Respirable Particles
Vent all furnaces to outdoors; keep doors to rest of house open when using unvented space heaters.
Choose properly sized woodstoves, certified to meet EPA emission standards; make certain that doors on all woodstoves fit tightly.
 Have a trained professional inspect, clean, and tune-up central heating system (furnace, flues, and chimneys) annually.  Repair any leaks properly.
 Change filters on central heating and cooling systems and air cleaners according to manufacturer's directions.
The Partnership for Clean Indoor Air was launched at the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg to address the increased environmental health risk faced by more than 2 billion people in the developing world who burn traditional biomass fuels indoors for cooking and heating.  According to the World Health Organization, their increased exposure results in an estimated 1.6 million premature deaths each year, largely among women and children.  The mission of the Partnership is to improve health, livelihood, and quality of life by reducing exposure to air pollution, primarily among women and children, from household energy use.

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